Child In Need Institute

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CINI, or the Child in Need Institute, often known internationally as Child in Need India, is an international humanitarian organisation aimed at promoting "sustainable development in health, nutrition and education of child, adolescent and woman in need" in India.[1] The India-based Child In Need Institute is headquartered in Kolkata (Calcutta) and operating in some of the poorest areas in India, whereas its international arm Fondazione CINI International is based in Verona, Italy.

Founded by pediatrician Samir Chaudhuri in 1974, CINI is involved in several major community development focused projects in India, driving at the underlying social causes of poverty, and collaborates with the Indian government and other local and international NGOs. CINI focuses primarily on the issues of health, nutrition, education and protection of children and mothers. To date its activities have reached around five million people living in the states of West Bengal and Jharkhand. The organisation is also increasingly involved in projects in other countries within Asia and Africa, in cooperation with both aid organisations and UN agencies.

CINI shares its approaches with other organisations working in related fields, especially smaller, locally based, community NGOs. CINI has twice been awarded the Indian Government’s National Award for Child Welfare.[2][3]

CINI has around 1300 employees. Its activities are supported by independent national associations in a number of countries, and by Fondazione CINI International in Italy.[4] CINI cooperates with Save the Children, UNICEF, CARE (relief agency)|CARE, the UK Department for International Development, the World Bank, the Indian government and private corporations such as KPMG.

History[edit]

File:CINI Final logo.png
An older version of the CINI logo

CINI emerged in part from the work of its founder, Dr. Samir Chaudhuri, who began his medical career working in the villages and slums of West Bengal in the 1970s. His professional collaboration with Sister Pauline Prince, an Australian Sisters of Loreto|Loreto nun and nutritionist, and Rev Fr J. Henrichs S. J.,[3] lead to the Child In Need Institute’s foundation in 1974. CINI has gone on to become one of the leading humanitarian NGOs of India.[5]

In 1998 CINI was recognised as a National Mother NGO, under the Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) program by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.[6] That same year it was also recognized as a collaborative training institute by the National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW), New Delhi,[7] and now constitututes the largest training facility in West Bengal for training health workers in nutrition, safe motherhood and HIV awareness. This training facility was extended from CINI’s own staff training centre to teach workers from other NGOs and government.[8]

Having grown from humble roots, CINI's work has achieved increasing recognition. The organisation has twice been awarded the National Award of Child Welfare by the Government of India. In 2007, Dr. Chaudhuri received the World of Children Health Award for making "a significant lifetime contribution to children in the fields of health, medicine or the sciences."[9]

International structure[edit]

Fondazione CINI International[edit]

A globally focused NGO, Fondazione CINI International, was launched on 1 February 2000 in Verona, Italy. CINI International works to establish North-South and South-South linkages to facilitate sharing and learning among partners working for children, adolescents and women in different parts of the world. Its president is Samir Chaudhuri.

National associations[edit]

File:CherieBooth.jpg|thumb|The organisation's patron Cherie Booth QC (Cherie Blair)[10]

Independent national associations have been formed in several countries to support CINI's work and/or carry out projects of their own. There are national associations in Australia, Belgium, Holland, Italy, Norway, Uganda, the United States and the United Kingdom, and, additionally, regional associations in Scotland and Wales. The British (UK) association is the largest national association outside India.

CINI UK was founded by Lady Odile Slynn, whose husband, Gordon Slynn, Baron Slynn of Hadley|Lord Slynn of Hadley, was a patron of the organisation. The organisation is now chaired by Rosalind Jarvis. Previous patrons include Nasser Azam, Karan Bilimoria, Baron Bilimoria|Lord Bilimoria, Cherie Booth, Navnit Dholakia, Baron Dholakia|Lord Dholakia, Shreela Flather, Baroness Flather|Lady Flather, David Puttnam|Lord Puttnam, Sir Mark Tully, Lady Catherine Young, Michael Forsyth, Baron Forsyth of Drumlean|Lord Forsyth

Work[edit]

All of CINI’s work aims for the sensitization of the local self-government (the Panchayat) about the health and education needs of the community and the development of effective communication at different levels of the community - especially between the Panchayat and the government health systems.[7]

Malnutrition[edit]

‘Maternal and child under-nutrition have a life-long impact on the health and prospects of the child, potentially affecting future generations’ [11] and India has one of the worst records of malnutrition among its population, despite its recent economic growth.

CINI’s work tackles malnutrition from the root, focusing on poor maternal nutritional status at conception; low maternal weight gain during pregnancy due to inadequate dietary intake; and short maternal stature due to the mother’s own chronic malnutrition since childhood.[8]

Maternal Health[edit]

India accounts for one fifth of maternal deaths globally [12] and the link between underdevelopment, poverty and maternal health has been clear for more than a century according to the Lancet.[13] Though the Department for International Development (DfID) believes the Millennium Development Goal to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters by 2015 remains the greatest challenge,[12] CINI continues to remain active in the field of improving maternal health. Specifically it runs an emergency ward that provides emergency nutrition for the dangerously underweight and counselling for new mothers.

Education for all[edit]

The urban wing of CINI was launched in 1989, in order to meet the needs of deprived urban children. A critical review of primary education in India in 2004 pointed out that CINI works to improve education, health, and the basic need for survival, protection, growth, and development [14] among slums, squatter colonies, railway platforms and red-light district|red light areas.

CINI has mainstreamed over 10,000 children into formal schools, both residential and non-residential. The majority of these children are from the slums, squatter colonies, railway platforms and red light areas.

HIV/AIDS prevention[edit]

With the creation of the HIV /AIDS unit, CINI has become involved in reducing the increasing magnitude of HIV/AIDS in rural belt of South 24 Parganas district and other parts of West Bengal.

Community-based HIV/AIDS initiatives of CINI are geared towards minimizing risk behaviors in order to contain the spread of the disease and to ensure better quality of life for HIV/AIDS-infected women, young people and children in a holistic manner through a life-cycle based approach.

Funding[edit]

CINI's projects are funded by grants from other aid organisations, international organisations and governments, among them Save the Children, UNICEF, CARE (relief agency)|CARE, the UK Department for International Development, the World Bank, the Indian government and various Indian state governments. CINI additionally receives funding from private corporations and individual donors in India and abroad. Its cooperation partners include corporations such as KPMG.[15]

Around 90% of CINI's funds goes directly into programmes, while the remainder is used for administration and fundraising.[4]

Awards[edit]

CINI or its founder and director Samir Chaudhuri have received many awards over the years, including[4]

  • 2012 BBC Radio 4 Appeal by Sir Mark Tully[16]
  • 2011 The WHO Award for Excellence in Primary Health Care, presented to CINI director Samir Chaudhuri by Indian health and family welfare minister Sudip Bandhopadhya at the Taj Palace in New Delhi on 22 December 2011.
  • 2008 Annual Rotary India Award for making the most significant contribution in reducing child mortality
  • 2008 Ellis Island Medal of Honor Global Humanitarian Award awarded to Samir Chaudhuri
  • 2005 Parliament prize for infants from the Italian Parliament Commission for Infants awarded to Samir Chaudhuri
  • 2004 The National Award in the field of Child Welfare awarded by the Government of India (CINI is the only NGO to have won this award twice)
  • 1994 Allen Feinstein Hunger Award, Brown University, USA
  • 1991 Jal Modi Grant, Rotary Club of Calcutta
  • 1991 The Liguria Prize from the International Centre for Development of Culture of People, Genoa, Italy
  • 1985 The National Award in the field of Child Welfare awarded by the Government of India

References[edit]

  1. THE CHILD IN NEED INSTITUTE (2008), About CINI [online]. Available at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (last accessed 8 February 2008)
  2. http://socialwelfare.delhigovt.nic.in/Pdf/award4cw2007.pdf
  3. 3.0 3.1 WADIA, J (2006), The cycle of life [online]. Available at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (last accessed 8 February 2008)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. COPAL PARTNERS (2006), "Child In Need Institute (CINI) Child Welfare and Development" [online]. Available at: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2009. Retrieved 2008-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (last accessed 7 February 2008)
  6. CENTRE FOR SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT, INDIA (2007), "Health and Environment Newsletter from the Centre for Science and Environment" [online]. Available at: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (last accessed 7 February 2008)
  7. 7.0 7.1 CINI INDIA (2008), About CINI [online]. Available at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (last accessed 8 February 2008)
  8. 8.0 8.1 CINI UK (2008), "Maternal Health Report", forthcoming
  9. "UNICEF and US Fund host World of Children 10th-anniversary awards". UNICEF. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. http://www.cherieblair.org/highlights/2010/01/a-visit-to-the-children-in-nee.html
  11. MEDICAL NEWS TODAY (2008), Malnutrition In Young Women Can Leave Communities Stuck In A Poverty Trap [online]. Available at: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/95315.php (last accessed 7 February 2008)
  12. 12.0 12.1 DFID (2007), "Maternal Health Strategy Reducing maternal deaths: evidence and action Second Progress Report", April 2007 [online]. Available at: https://www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/maternal-health-progress-report.pdf Archived 6 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine) (last accessed 8 February 2008)
  13. LANCET (2006), "Lancet Maternal Survival Series", September 2006
  14. AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH (2004), Critical Review of Primary Education in India [online]. Available at: "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 2008-02-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (last accessed 7 February 2008)
  15. http://www.kpmg.com/in/en/whoweare/csr/pages/samir.aspx
  16. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01f8r1f